### The Penguin Formally Known as Tux ::Drawspace.com

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# The Penguin Formally Known as Tux

Use hatching graduations to create the three-dimensional forms of an adorable penguin

Resource: Module 3.1 Introduction to Shading
Supplies: paper, pencils (2H, HB, 2B, 4B, and 6B), ruler, sandpaper block, sharpener, erasers

### This tutorial has three sections:

• Put Proportions on Paper
• Turn a Sketch into a Contour Drawing

### Tip!

Setting up accurate proportions is the foundation of drawing. If your subject's proportions are wrong, neither perfect shading or fancy pencil marks can save your drawing.

## Put Proportions on Paper

The size of your drawing space determines the size of your penguin. The penguin in this lesson is drawn inside a 4 by 6 in (10.2 by 15.2 cm) drawing space with 2 in (5.1 cm) squares. If you prefer a larger drawing, 6 by 9 in (15.2 by 22.9 cm) with 3 in (7.6 cm) squares works equally well.

### 2. Lightly sketch an oval slightly toward the left of your drawing space (Figure 1).

This oval represents the penguin's body. Make sure you leave room to add the head, tail, and feet.
When using a grid, sketch the contents of only one square at a time.

### 4. Sketch the feet and add a curved line in the lower right to mark the location of his tail feathers.

Note that the foot on the right appears to be much larger than the other. This foot overlaps the other and therefore needs to be drawn larger than the one behind it.

### 5. Refine the shape of the head by making it smaller, rounder on the upper right, and less round on the left, bottom, and lower right (Figures 3 and 4).

Figure 3 shows the upper two grid squares. Keep in mind that the penguin's face is turned slightly toward the left.

### 9. Erase the tiny section of the outline of his head that was inside the shape of the beak.

Constantly double-check the proportions of your sketch by visually measuring the shapes of the positive and negative spaces.

### Tip!

Penguin bills come in various shapes and sizes, depending on the type of penguin. Feel free to make the beak larger, smaller, thicker, or thinner!

### 13. Give the penguin a smaller belly by modifying the lower-left section of his tummy (Figure 7).

Note that the chest stays the same size to give him a proud posture and a more sophisticated appearance.

### Tip!

If you draw lines in the wrong grid square, simply erase and redraw the lines correctly.

### Caution!

Don't press too hard with your pencils when neatly outlining the penguin! No matter how careful you are, accidents can still happen and you may need to erase some lines.

## Turn a Sketch into a Contour Drawing

### 23. Redraw the penguin's head, neck, shoulders, and facial features with a sharp pencil (Figure 9).

Note the double lines around each eye. In addition, the eye on the left is slightly smaller than the one on the right. This eye is farther away from the viewer because of the angle of the head.

### 24. Redraw the penguin's body slowly and carefully, using a sharp pencil (Figure 10).

Note the double lines on the fronts of the wings, which indicate their thickness.

### 26. Outline his feet, toes, and heels.

The hatching lines used to draw feathers are ragged and uneven, with mostly short lines of different lengths and thicknesses.
Before you begin shading Tux, practice your hatching skills. Remember to use different grades of pencils from 2H to 6B and vary the:
• density of the lines.
• pressure used on your pencils.

### 27. Hatch a light, medium, and dark raggedy-textured graduation of values (Figure 11).

Shade these graduation from light at the top to dark at the bottom. Choose different grades of pencils based on the range of values needed for each section.

### 28. Hatch another three graduations in reverse with the darker values at the top and the lighter values at the bottom (Figure 12).

Remember, light affects the placement and value of every section of shading. Keep in mind that a full range of values gives contrast between the light areas and shadow areas.
The light source originates from the upper left in this drawing, so the shading will be a little darker on the lower right.

Closely examine the directions in which the hatching lines curve.

### 35. Use medium values for the irises and the circular rims around each eye.

Note that the darkest section is close to his body under the upper section of his wing (Figure 16).

### 37. Add medium graduated values to the lighter sections of his wing on the right.

Take your time and carefully note the different directions in which the hatching lines curve.
Curved lines help create the illusion of three dimensional forms.

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