Skip to main content

Hybrid Electrolyte Fills Battery Gap

Hybrid Electrolyte Fills Battery Gap

December 30, 2015 | by Stephen Luntz
photo credit: Electric cars are only the most prominent of the many technologies that depend on advances in battery technology. otomobil/Shutterstock
In the quest to build batteries that will store electricity at prices we can afford, neither polymer nor ceramic electrolytes are proving satisfactory. A new solution combining features of both might bridge the gap to the clean energy future.
Batteries require two electrodes – an anode and a cathode – and an electrolyte to carry charge between them. Producing a trio that can operate for thousands of cycles, under required conditions, at an affordable price is among the great technological challenges of our age.
Professor Nitash Balsara of the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory is working on the electrolyte part of the equation. Currently, most rechargeable batteries use liquid electrolytes, but these run the risk of bursting into flames and have side reactions that reduce their capacity with time.
In theory, solid electrolytes could be better, being both less flammable and less vulnerable to the products of side reactions migrating to electrodes. However, polymer versions work best at problematically high temperatures. Electrodes move as they are charged and discharged and ceramic or glass electrolytes lose contact in the process unless pressure is applied. "It needs something like 1 ton over every square centimeter [0.16 square inches], so you need a big truck sitting on the battery as it cycles," Balsara said in a statement.
In the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Balsara and his coauthors reveal a hybrid that appears to resolve these problems. Its capacity to conform to the electrodes, its conductivity at room temperature, and its efficiency and stability makes it, they argue, a strong contender to be the electrolyte of the future. “Our work opens a previously unidentified route for developing compliant solid electrolytes that will address the challenges of lithium batteries,” the authors write.
The hybrid is made by attaching perfluoropolyether chains to the surface of small glass particles and adding salt. A film made from the product is stable and highly conductive at room temperature. By adjusting the ratio of polymer to glass, the authors were also able to make it bind to the electrodes without pressure.
One of the problems battery engineers face is the potential to improve one of the components, only to find what they have made is incompatible with better versions of the parts it needs to work with. However, when tested in combination with next-generation cathode candidates, the hybrid works, even at voltages where most other electrolytes fail.
Although sulfur cathodes cannot operate at the high voltages of some competitors, their low cost and high capacity inspire hope that they may play a major role in future batteries. Unlike many alternatives, the glass/polymer hybrid minimizes lithium polysulfide dissolution, making it, the authors argue, “ideally suited for lithium-sulfur cells.”
Balsara acknowledges that, so far at least, the perfect electrolyte has not been achieved, since his product is still substantially less conductive than liquid versions. Nevertheless, heclaimed: “It's probably good enough for some applications.” Moreover, he hopes that more tweaking of the sizes and concentrations of components could improve conductivity further.


Popular posts from this blog

sxhkd volume andbrightness config for dwm on void

xbps-install  sxhkd ------------ mkdir .config/sxhkd cd .config/sxhkd nano/vim sxhkdrc -------------------------------- XF86AudioRaiseVolume         amixer -c 1 -- sset Master 2db+ XF86AudioLowerVolume         amixer -c 1 -- sset Master 2db- XF86AudioMute         amixer -c 1 -- sset Master toggle alt + shift + Escape         pkill -USR1 -x sxhkd XF86MonBrightnessUp          xbacklight -inc 20 XF86MonBrightnessDown          xbacklight -dec 20 ------------------------------------------------------------- amixer -c card_no -- sset Interface volume run alsamixer to find card no and interface names xbps-install -S git git clone xbps-install -S base-devel libX11-devel libXft-devel libXinerama-devel  vim # FREETYPEINC = ${X11INC}/freetype2 #comment for non-bsd make clean install   cp config.def.h config.h vim config.h xbps-install -S font-symbola #for emoji on statusbar support     void audio config xbps-i

Hidden Wiki

Welcome to The Hidden Wiki New hidden wiki url 2015 http://zqktlwi4fecvo6ri.onion Add it to bookmarks and spread it!!! Editor's picks Bored? Pick a random page from the article index and replace one of these slots with it. The Matrix - Very nice to read. How to Exit the Matrix - Learn how to Protect yourself and your rights, online and off. Verifying PGP signatures - A short and simple how-to guide. In Praise Of Hawala - Anonymous informal value transfer system. Volunteer Here are five different things that you can help us out with. Plunder other hidden service lists for links and place them here! File the SnapBBSIndex links wherever they go. Set external links to HTTPS where available, good certificate, and same content. Care to start recording onionland's history? Check out Onionland's Museum Perform Dead Services Duties. Introduction Points - Clearnet search engine for Tor Hidden Services (allows you

download office 2021 and activate

get office from here open powershell as admin (win+x and a ) type cmd  goto insall dir 1.         cd /d %ProgramFiles(x86)%\Microsoft Office\Office16 2.           cd /d %ProgramFiles%\Microsoft Office\Office16 try 1 or 2 depending on installation  install volume license  for /f %x in ('dir /b ..\root\Licenses16\ProPlus2021VL_KMS*.xrm-ms') do cscript ospp.vbs /inslic:"..\root\Licenses16\%x" activate using kms cscript ospp.vbs /setprt:1688 cscript ospp.vbs /unpkey:6F7TH >nul cscript ospp.vbs /inpkey:FXYTK-NJJ8C-GB6DW-3DYQT-6F7TH cscript ospp.vbs / cscript ospp.vbs /act Automatic script (windefender may block it) ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- @echo off title Activate Microsoft Office 2021 (ALL versions) for FREE - =====================================================================================&