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selinux test fedora


 nano /etc/selinux/config



allow any denied actions that have occurred since the first boot with SELinux using the audit2allow tool 

doas audit2allow -a -l -M firstboot


The firstboot.te file is the SELinux policy,

The firstboot.pp file is the compiled SELinux policy

we can load this policy using semodule -i firstboot.pp


doas semodule -i firstboot.pp


doas usermod kai -Z user_u

Different groups such as user_u, staff_u, sysadm_u, system_u, and more are available.


 doas dnf install setools-console


seinfo -u

Users: 8



doas semanage login -l 

Login Name           SELinux User         MLS/MCS Range        Service

__default__          unconfined_u         s0-s0:c0.c1023       *
kai                  staff_u              s0-s0:c0.c1023       *
root                 unconfined_u         s0-s0:c0.c1023       *



id -Z
useradd -Z staff_u example.user


SELinux status:                 enabled
SELinuxfs mount: /sys/fs/selinux
SELinux root directory: /etc/selinux
Loaded policy name: targeted
Current mode: permissive
Mode from config file: permissive
Policy MLS status: enabled
Policy deny_unknown status: allowed
Memory protection checking: actual (secure)
Max kernel policy version: 33
run  fixfiles -F onboot command as root to create the /.autorelabel file
 containing the -F option to ensure that files are relabeled upon next reboot. 
set enforcing=0 as boot parm or  #SELINUX=enforcing in /etc/selinux/config
package needed selinux-policy-targeted, libselinux-utils, and policycoreutils 
search denied selinx

Alternatively, with the setroubleshoot-server package installed, enter:

grep "SELinux is preventing" /var/log/messages
If SELinux is active and the Audit daemon (auditd) is not running on your system,
dmesg | grep -i -e type=1300 -e type=1400
File-system objects created while SELinux is disabled are not labeled at
 all. This behavior causes problems when changing to enforcing mode 
because SELinux relies on correct labels of file-system objects. 
Before rebooting the system for relabeling, make sure the system will boot in permissive mode,
 for example by using the enforcing=0 kernel option. 
This prevents the system from failing to boot in case the system contains unlabeled files 
required by systemd before launching the selinux-autorelabel service.  

kernel parameters 


 policycoreutils-python-utils and setroubleshoot-server 



systemctl status httpd
semanage port -l | grep http
Change the SELinux type of port 3131 to match port 80:
 semanage port -a -t http_port_t -p tcp 3131


dnf install  setroubleshoot-server  python3-six

sealert -l "*"
relabel /var
restorecon -Rv /var/
  • The semanage(8), matchpathcon(8), and sealert(8) man pages. 


getsebool -a
semanage-boolean(8), sepolicy-booleans(8), getsebool(8), setsebool(8), booleans(5), and booleans(8) man pages 
selinux logs location
. Because the SELinux decisions, such as allowing or 
disallowing access, are cached and this cache is known as the Access 
Vector Cache (AVC), use the AVC and USER_AVC values for the message type parameter, for example:


To temporarily disable dontaudit rules, allowing all denials to be logged:

# semodule -DB

After re-running your denied scenario and finding denial messages using the previous steps, the following command enables dontaudit rules in the policy again:

# semodule -B
policycoreutils-python-utils and setroubleshoot-server
 sealert -l "*"
  • Enable full-path auditing to see full paths to accessed objects and to make additional Linux Audit event fields visible:

    # auditctl -w /etc/shadow -p w -k shadow-write
  • Clear the setroubleshoot cache:

    # rm -f /var/lib/setroubleshoot/setroubleshoot.xml
  • Reproduce the problem.
  • Repeat step 1.

    After you finish the process, disable full-path auditing:

    # auditctl -W /etc/shadow -p w -k shadow-write

Writing a custom SELinux policy



Each SELinux policy rule describes an interaction between a process and a system resource:

ALLOW apache_process apache_log:FILE READ;
You can read this example rule as: The Apache process can read its logging file. In this rule, apache_process and apache_log are labels.
SELinux labels are stored as extended attributes of file systems, such as ext2 
  ls -Z /etc/passwd
 system_u:object_r:passwd_file_t:s0 /etc/passwd

Where system_u is an SELinux user, object_r is an example of the SELinux role, 
and passwd_file_t is an SELinux domain.

selinux-policy packages has default policies 


ps -efZ | grep mydaemon
sepolicy generate --init /usr/local/bin/mydaemon
ausearch -m AVC -ts recent | audit2allow -R
grep -r "logging_write_generic_logs" /usr/share/selinux/devel/include/ | grep .if

 dnf install sudo 


%wheel ALL=(ALL) TYPE=sysadm_t ROLE=sysadm_r ALL



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