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linux-firmware and microcode

to find what drivers are needed boot live iso with gui and dmesg to see firmware loaded

for i915 driver intel ice lake

see required latest drivers from

mine is icelake ( icl ) so  i select icl

mkdir /lib/firmware/i915
nano fw-i915

curl -O
curl -O
curl -O

chmod +x fw-i915



or manually download and move it to /lib/firmware/i915 filder

 for ath10k driver qca9337 wireless card

mkdir -p /lib/firmware/ath10k/QCA9377/hw1.0/

cd /lib/firmware/ath10k/QCA9377/hw1.0/

nano fw-ath10

curl -O
curl -O
curl -O
curl -O
curl -O

chmod +x fw-ath10


intel microcode firmware install

dmesg | grep microcode

cat /proc/cpuinfo | grep microcode | sort | uniq


grep -m 1 family /proc/cpuinfo
cpu family    : 6

grep -m 1 model /proc/cpuinfo
model        : 126

 grep -m 1 stepping  /proc/cpuinfo
stepping    : 5

printf "%x" 126

    The corresponding microcode file is 06-7e-05 located in /lib/firmware/intel-ucode/ (values in hexadecimal).

you can also get it using

lscpu | grep -e -e Model: -e Stepping: |               awk '{printf("%02x\n", $NF)}' | sed ':a;N;s/\n/-/;ta'

find corresponding microcode file in

mine is

doas mkdir  /lib/firmware/intel-ucode/

cd  /lib/firmware/intel-ucode/

doas curl -O


dmesg | grep microcode
[    0.000000] microcode: microcode updated early to revision 0xb6, date = 2022-08-02
[    0.414091] microcode: sig=0x706e5, pf=0x80, revision=0xb6
[    0.414105] microcode: Microcode Update Driver: v2.2.



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